Coat of Arms

 
Organizational Shield

Organizational Shield

Blazon Shield:

Per chevron debased Gules and Vert, three broad arrows one and two, points meeting at apex of partition line Or, in base a fleur-de-lis of the like.

Shield

Shield

Crest:

That for the regiments and separate battalions of the Oklahoma Army National Guard: On a wreath of the colors Or and Gules an Indian’s head with war bonnet all Proper. The crest is that of the Oklahoma Army National Guard.

crest

Crest

Motto:

“UNUSUAL EFFORTS EXPENDED”

Symbolism Shield:

The dominant colors, red and yellow, are for Artillery. The broad arrow-a large missile thrown by machine-was an early version of artillery. The three broad arrowheads represent the recognition awarded the organization for service in Sicily, Naples and Southern France. The green wedge symbolizes mountainous Italy, and the fleur-de-lis is for French and Central European service.

Historical Background:

The coat of arms was originally approved for the 158th Field Artillery Battalion on 14 January 1952. It was redesignated for the 158th Artillery Regiment on 2 November 1960. The insignia was redesignated for the 158th Field Artillery Regiment on 19 July 1972.

 (View Actual 158th Field Artillery Approved Specifications)

EXCERPT

Army Regulation No. 260-10: Organizational Color and Standards of the United States Army, National Guard, and Organized Reserves 1942.

1. Army Regulation No. 260-10, describes the regimental color and standard as follows:

2. Regimental color and standard.

a. Regimental colors and standards for regiments and such other independent units as may be authorized to carry them will be of silk of the color of the facings of the branch. See AR 600-35.

b. The size of the color will be 4 feet 4 inches on the pike by 5 feet 6 inches fly, and of the standard 3 feet on the lance by 4 feet fly.

c. Both regimental colors and standards will be trimmed on three edges with a knotted fringe of silk 2-1/2 inches wide. The color of the silk fringe will be yellow, except when the facings are of two colors, in which case the fringe will be of the piping color.

d. Attached below the spearhead of the pike of the regimental color will be a cord 8 feet 6 inches in length, with a tassel at each end. Cord and tassels will be of silk strands of the color of the facings of the branch. When a unit is entitled to the silk streamers, these streamers will replace the cord and tassel. The cord and tassel will not be used on the regimental standard. Cords, tassels, and streamers when prescribed become a component part of the color or standard.

e. In the center of both regimental colors and standards will be embroidered the regimental coat of arms or the regimental badge as the case may be, with the American eagle displayed holding in his dexter talon an olive branch and in his sinister a bundle of thirteen arrows all proper, as a supporter. The height of the eagle will be 1 foot 11-1/8 inches on the color and 1 foot 3-7/8 inches on the standard. Below the eagle will be a scroll bearing the official designation of the regiment, e.g., Third-Regiment-Infantry. Cases are as follows:

(1) In the Regular Army.

(a) A regiment having an approved coat of arms. The shield of the coat of arms will be embroidered on the eagle’s breast, the regimental motto on a scroll in the eagle’s beak, and the regimental crest above the eagle’s head.

(b) A regiment having an approved badge but no coat of arms. The eagle’s breast will be feathered, the regimental motto will be on a scroll in the eagle’s beak, and the regimental badge will replace the regimental crest above the eagle’s head.

(2) In the National Guard a regiment having an approved coat of arms. The shield of the coat of arms will be embroidered on the eagle’s breast, the regimental motto on a scroll in the eagle’s beak, and the crest approved for regiments of the State above the eagle’s head. Regiments allocated to two or more States, will bear the crests approved for regiments of each of the several States arranged from dexter to sinister in order of admission of the States into the Union.

(3) In the Organized Reserves a regiment having an approved coat of arms. The shield of the coat of arms will be embroidered on the eagle’s breast, the regimental motto on a scroll in the eagle’s beak, and the crest approved for regiments of the Organized Reserves, the Lexington Minute Man, above the eagle’s head.

Regimental Color Explained

 

COAT OF ARMS

3. Each organization entitled to carry a color or a standard (see rules of Basic Allowances, War Department Circular No. 58, 1923) is required to have a coat of arms or badge. This applies to all units of the Regular Army, federally recognized National Guard, and Organized Reserves, it being intended that there shall be no change in the color or standard of a National Guard or an Organized Reserve unit when it is called or drafted into the federal service.

4. The coat of arms must be approved by the Secretary of War in order to become official.

5. Coats of arms of organizations are based upon the approved histories of such organizations. This is necessary in order that the organization may be able to show its title to each charge upon its escutcheon. The history of a unit consists of two parts:

(1) The outline in diagrammatic form;

(2) The written outline which explains and amplifies the diagram. These are forwarded to the Adjutant General who forwards them to the Historical Section, Army War College, for check and recommendation relative to approval. This outline should be very carefully prepared. each statement of fact should be substantiated by a reference to the original source and, wherever practicable, an authenticated copy of the sources will be forwarded with the outline. Also, it should include incidents considered important by the unit with corresponding citations of authority. Such a statement can be checked readily by the Historical Section, Army War College. In the National Guard it would be very difficult, and in some cases, impossible, for the Historical Section to trace unit histories without assistance from the Adjutant General of the States concerned and from the units themselves. After the submission of such history, the Historical Section will correspond through channels with the proper military authorities, if it is found necessary to supplement or correct a statement, clarify or amplify vague points of issue, or secure more evidence. In the check of unit histories, certain rules are always followed. Failure of those formulating histories to observe those rules always results in serious delay and retards the final date of approval of the coat of arms requested. The following are some of the usual difficulties encountered while checking outlines in the past:

(a) Citing or quoting as authority, documents, extracts from books or other writings, which are not in themselves original sources of information.

(b) In the National Guard, where breaks in continuity have occurred, owing to the fact that no organization existed, attempts have been made to connect old with new organizations by issuing orders, at this time, to amend orders issued many years ago.  Such amending orders, when they state that the new organizations perpetuated the old, or that the new was a reorganization of the old, are manifestly wrong, unless borne out by facts which are proven by evidence, submitted with the outline.

(c) Failure to establish beyond doubt the identity of a present-day unit with a previously existing unit.

(d) In the case of National Guard units, failure to show each period of the state or federal service.

(e) When organizations of the National Guard are mustered out after a period of federal service, failure to produce evidence which will show whether or not they reverted to a status of an organization in the state of service, or whether or not they completely went out of existence.

(f) Attention is invited to the principles stated in Section 2, Bulletin 13, 1920, relative to tracing History of troop units of the Regular Army.

6. The most important thing to show on the coat of arms is the greatest combat feat in the history of the unit, no matter when it occurred.  If there is some one outstanding achievement, it should be made the basis of the arms; everything else will be omitted. If there is no such preeminent deed, the organization’s combat history should be considered, and the most important wars in which the unit participated selected. Special prominence should be given to the most ancient incidents in its combat record, particularly to the one in which the regiment received its baptism of fire.

7. For old organizations which at one time had a different insignia from that now used, such insignia could advantageously be used, thereby showing the long record of the regiment. The insignia now worn on the uniform must not be used on a coat of arms.

8. For newly organized units of the National Guard and Organized Reserves having no combat history, changes representative of the territory to which the regiment is allocated may be taken.

9. There are no actually designated or required heraldic device to represent the several wars in which the United States has been engaged. Various devices are, however, used. For the Revolutionary War a British lion, the cross of St. George (a red cross on white field), a pine tree (if a New England regiment), a rattlesnake coiled to strike, “Don’t tread on me” (if a middle Atlantic state’s regiment). For the War of 1812, a lion, a unicorn, the cross of St. George, a maple leaf. For the Mexican War, a cactus, a rattlesnake. For the Civil War a saltire cross (from the Confederate flag), the various corps badges. For the Indian Wars, an arrow, or an arrow for each war. For the Spanish War in Cuba, a castle, a palm tree, or the Corps badge. In Porto Rico, a castle, a Maltese cross. In the Philippines, a castle, a palm tree, or the corps badges. Philippine Insurrection, a palm tree, the Kataipunan sun, a bolo (Luzon and Visayas), a kempilan (Moro), a kris (Moros of the Lake Lanao district). China Relief Expedition, a Chinese dragon. Mexican Border service, a cactus, a rattlesnake. World War, fleur-de-lis, heraldic devices of the French provinces, and British, French, Canadian, Australian devices for service in cooperation with these forces. No device has been used to represent camp duty in the United States during the Spanish War as it is not customary to recount this sort of duty, the idea being to commemorate fighting duty for a fighting unit.

10. A complete coat of arms consists of a shield, a crest, and a motto.

11. The name or number of the organization must not appear on the shield or the crest.

SHIELD

12. In general, the color of the shield should be that of the colors of the branch, bureau, et cetera (see Army Regulations No. 600-35) in order to at once associate the regiment with the arm, but this may be disregarded when some special reason exists, i.e., when the facings of the branch were of a different color-green and black (vert and sable) for Air Service, white (argent) for Infantry, et cetera.

13. The design must conform to the rules and best practices of heraldry.

14. It must be historically correct.

15. The shield must be of simple design, i.e., a simple coat, no quarterings, and capable of satisfactory reproduction in embroidery and also on a small scale as for stationery, letterheads, et cetera. Overloading to be avoided.

16. Heraldry is simply picture writing: every symbol should have a definite significance and nothing should be added to which some significance cannot be attached. Scenes, landscapes, or photographs are not suitable, i.e., the charges must be symbols that may be heraldically described or blazoned.

17. No part of the coat of arms of the United States may be used by any unit, nor any complete arms, seal, or flag of any State or country be so used, although devices may be taken from them when applicable.

18. Insignia for collar or lapel, such as described in Army Regulations No. 600-35, for branch, bureau, et cetera, will not be used as a charge on the shield.

19. Embattlements should not be taken by an organization having no combat service.

CREST

20. Each regiment in the regular Army will have its own individual crest, this to be submitted with a proposed coat of arms.

21. The crests for all National Guard units have been approved. The arrangement is described in Army Regulation No. 260-10. See paragraph 1 above.

22. The crest for Organized Reserve units has been approved. See paragraph 1 above.

SUPPORTERS, HELMETS, MANTLING, ETC

23. Appropriate supporters may be used unofficially (as letter-heads, etc.), and may be included in the blazon if desired, but there is no place for them officially on the regimental color or standard as the American eagle is used as the supporter.

24. Helmets, mantling, decorations (such as Croix-de-guerre or fourraguere), or campaign badges, or ribbons, or citations will not be used with the coat of arms when used officially.

25. If for unofficial use, a helmet is desired, the gentleman’s style helmet will be used.

MOTTO

26.   The regimental motto may be in English, Latin, American Indian, et cetera. If the regiment is an old one, and the grandfathers of the present personnel fought at Chapultepec or at Vicksburg, it would be manifestly proper if the regiment chose something other than a French motto. The motto may have almost any origin- a battlecry, an extract from an order, the expression of an ideal, or a sentiment, but it should be expressive, in good taste, and a graceful phrase.

27. The regiment, at its option, may place the designation or motto on a scroll or on an encircling band when the arms are used for unofficial purposes.

28. As a means of promoting espirit de corps and keeping alive historical tradition, color or standard bearing organizations such as regiments, independent battalions, or their equivalents such as tank battalions, ammunition trains, or Air Corps groups, et cetera, of the Regular Army, federally recognized National Guard, and Organized Reserves may adopt and wear as a part of the uniform a distinctive insignia or trimming (see Army Regulation No. 600-40).

29. The distinctive insignia or trimming must be approved by the War Department before it can be worn by the regiment.

30. The distinctive insignia or trimming should have its origin in the history of the regiment, i.e., one organization wears a band of its regimental colors on the shoulder loops of the service coat and on the brow bands of its horses’ bridles; others wear a miniature of the regimental shield; shield and motto; shield, crest, and motto; crest; or crest and motto of the coat of arms, on the service uniforms, white uniform, mess jacket, and campaign hat. The State crests adopted for the National Guard are not distinctive of the regiment as the same crest surmounts the shield of the coat of arms of all color bearing organizations within the State.

31. It is the policy of the War Department to limit the distinctive markings and regimental devices to items supplemental to the uniforms and not substitutions for any portion of it. The devices or marking will not displace the prescribed collar insignia, i.e., the crossed muskets or the “U.S.” and will not be worn as a shoulder sleeve insignia.

32. If a metal distinctive insignia is selected it must be of bright metal (gold or silver plate) and enamel, and must not exceed 1-1/4 inches in height. Experience has shown that the one-inch to 1-1/8 inch sizes make the best appearance.

33. Care should be exercised not to violate the heraldic rule that color must not be placed on color, nor metal on metal, without fimbriation, yellow corresponds to gold (or), white corresponds to silver (argent), this is only the physical law of visibility stated in heraldic terms.

34. Letters and numbers are not to be used. This prohibition does not apply to the regimental motto which is placed on a scroll and is a fundamental part of the coat of arms.

35. The same general instructions for coats of arms apply to distinctive insignia and trimmings.

36. In view of the present necessity for economy, the expense incurred through the adoption of a distinctive insignia or trimmings cannot be met by the Government. If an insignia or trimmings is authorized for a regiment, it becomes part of its uniform and as such must be worn by all its personnel, both commissioned and enlisted.

APPROVALS

37. There will be one approval granted for a coat of arms in the form of blazon and description under authority of Army Regulations 260-10.

38. There will be one approval of a blazon or of a description granted for a distinctive insignia or trimming under authority of Army Regulations 600-40; this will include the method of wearing. A manufacturer’s drawing of the device will be requested to check against the description, and a letter verifying the fact will be given; then, and then only, should the work be started to cut or sink the necessary dies for insignia; two finished, manufacturer’s samples should be furnished for check and approval before equipping the organization.

MISCELLANEOUS

39. Streamers and tabards are authorized in Army Regulation No. 260-10.

40. In accordance with the existing policy of the War Department, this office is glad to render every assistance in the development of a regimental coat of arms and distinctive insignia or trimming. However, experience has shown that it is better to have the design or the basic idea thereof originate in the organization. These designs may be just pencil sketches or crayon drawings indicating the color desired. The significance of the charges proposed should be stated, and if any significance is attached to the motto, it should also be stated. If the motto selected is in a foreign tongue, the translation should be given.

41. It is the policy of the War Department to approve no changes in regimental coat of arms or regimental distinctive insignia after final approval unless it subsequently develops that the historical facts on which the heraldic derivations were based are incorrect. The reason for this is obvious. If the coat of arms were not stabilized, there would be nothing to prevent each new commanding officer from attempting to remodel the arms of the regiment.

(View Actual Regulation)